Cine sunt oamenii care conduc noul guvern al talibanilor? | Știri interactive Stiri Sud

(Al Jazeera)

Talibanii au anunțat posturi cheie pentru noul lor guvern în Afganistan, la câteva săptămâni după ce grupul a preluat controlul asupra țării.

Mullah Mohammad Hasan Akhund, care se află pe o listă a sancțiunilor ONU, a fost numit lider al noului guvern, în timp ce cofondatorul talibanului Abdul Ghani Baradar a fost numit adjunctul său la o conferință de presă, marți, la Kabul.

Lucrările interioare și conducerea talibanilor au fost mult timp învăluite în secret – chiar și atunci când au condus anterior Afganistanul din 1996 până în 2001.

Mai multe posturi de cabinet nu sunt încă anunțate. Iată un rezumat al mai multor oficiali cheie anunțați marți:

Mohammad Hasan Akhund, prim-ministru în funcție

Mullah Mohammed Hasan Akhund este un veteran taliban care a fost un apropiat și consilier politic al Mullah Omar, fondatorul mișcării și primul său lider suprem.

Membru al Consiliului Suprem al grupului, a ocupat funcția de ministru adjunct de externe în regimul anterior și a fost plasat pe o listă de sancțiuni a Consiliului de Securitate al ONU, legată de „actele și activitățile” talibanilor.

Din Kandahar, el a fost anterior guvernator taliban al provinciei cheie. De asemenea, a ocupat funcția de ministru de externe și viceprim-ministru în timpul primei intrări a talibanilor la putere în Afganistan în anii ’90.

Organizația Națiunilor Unite a declarat că are reputația de a fi „unul dintre cei mai eficienți comandanți talibani”.

Abdul Ghani Baradar, viceprim-ministru în funcție

Abdul Ghani Baradar, numit adjunct al lui Hasan, a fost crescut la Kandahar.

La fel ca majoritatea afganilor, viața lui Baradar a fost schimbată pentru totdeauna de invazia sovietică a țării la sfârșitul anilor 1970, transformându-l într-un luptător.

Se credea că a luptat cot la cot cu Mullah Omar.

Cei doi vor continua să fondeze mișcarea talibană la începutul anilor 1990, în timpul haosului și corupției războiului civil care a urmat retragerii sovietice.

După ce guvernul taliban a fost răsturnat în 2001 de forțele conduse de SUA, se crede că Baradar s-a numărat printre un grup mic de membri talibani care s-au apropiat de liderul interimar Hamid Karzai cu un potențial acord care ar fi văzut grupul să recunoască noua administrație.

Arestat în Pakistan în 2010, Baradar a fost ținut în custodie până când presiunile din Statele Unite l-au văzut eliberat în 2018 și mutat în Qatar.

Acolo a fost numit șef al biroului politic al talibanilor și a supravegheat semnarea acordului de retragere a trupelor cu SUA.

Sirajuddin Haqqani, ministru de interne în funcție

Fiul unui renumit comandant din războiul împotriva sovieticilor, Sirajuddin Haqqani s-a dublat ca șef adjunct al talibanilor și șef al puternicii rețele Haqqani.

El va fi ministru de interne în noul regim. Rețeaua Haqqani este un „grup terorist” desemnat de SUA, considerat de mult timp ca unul dintre cele mai periculoase grupuri armate din Afganistan.

Este infam pentru utilizarea sa de sinucigași și se crede că a orchestrat unele dintre cele mai importante atacuri din Kabul de-a lungul anilor.

Rețeaua este, de asemenea, acuzată că a asasinat înalți oficiali afgani și a reținut cetățeni occidentali răpiți pentru răscumpărare – inclusiv soldatul american Bowe Bergdahl, eliberat în 2014.

Cunoscuți pentru independența, înțelegerea de luptă și relațiile de afaceri inteligente, Haqqani sunt cu sediul în principal în estul Afganistanului și dețin o influență considerabilă asupra consiliului de conducere al talibanilor.

Mullah Yaqoob, interimar ministru al apărării

Fiul co-fondatorului taliban Mullah Omar, Mullah Yaqoob conduce puternica comisie militară a grupului, care supraveghea vasta rețea de comandanți de teren însărcinați cu executarea rebeliunii.

Marți a fost numit ministru al apărării. Tatăl lui Yaqoob se bucura de un statut de cult ca lider taliban, iar acea linie puternică îl face o figură unificatoare în mișcare.

Mawlawi Amir Khan Mutaqi, în funcția de ministru de externe

Originar din provincia Paktia, Mutaqi se numește rezident al Helmand.

Mutaqi a fost ministru al culturii și informației în timpul guvernului taliban anterior, precum și ministru al educației. Ulterior, Mutaqi a fost trimis în Qatar și a fost numit membru al comisiei de pace și al echipei de negocieri care a purtat discuții cu Statele Unite.

Nici comandantul militar, nici liderul religios, potrivit unor surse talibane, Mutaqi nu este președintele Comisiei de invitație și îndrumare, care în timpul insurgenței a condus eforturile pentru ca oficialii guvernamentali și alte persoane cheie să fie defectate.

În declarații și discursuri, în timp ce luptele au furat pentru controlul asupra țării, el a proiectat o voce moderată, apelând la forțele din capitalele provinciale pentru a discuta cu grupul pentru a evita luptele în zonele urbane.

În săptămânile de după căderea Kabulului, Mutaqi a jucat un rol similar cu provincia izolată Panjshir, cerând o soluționare pașnică a ostilităților.

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